The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) youth program allows for several types of payments for participants engaged in activities such as work experience, occupational skills training, classroom activities and more.

The two main types of compensation are wages and stipends. A third, but distinct, type of payment is an incentive, which may be given to youth to reward positive behavior towards achieving goals.
The purpose of this technical assistance resource is to help local youth workforce staff understand:

(1) WHAT is the distinction between a wage and a stipend;
(2) HOW to identify the employer-employee relationship;
(3) WHEN to award an incentive; and
(4) WHY the need for policies governing payments.